REM dream activity of insomnia sufferers: A systematic comparison with good sleepers

Perusse, Alexandra, De Koninck, Joseph, Pedneault-Drolet, Maude, Ellis, Jason and Bastien, Célyne (2016) REM dream activity of insomnia sufferers: A systematic comparison with good sleepers. Sleep Medicine, 20. pp. 147-154. ISSN 1878-5506

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2015.08.007

Abstract

Background and Objective - The dream activity of patients with primary insomnia (PI) has rarely been studied, especially using in-laboratory dream collection, although dreams could be linked to their state of hyperarousal and their negative waking experiences. The objective of the study was to compare patients with PI and good sleeper controls (GSCs) in terms of dream recall frequency and dream content.

Patients/Methods - Polysomnography was recorded in 12 patients with PI and 12 GSCs (aged between 30 and 45 years) for five consecutive nights. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep awakenings were enforced on nights 3 and 5 for dream collections.

Results - The REM dream collections revealed that the groups were similar in terms of dream recall frequency (p ≤ 0.7). With respect to dream content variables, the dreams of GSCs tended to comprise more positive emotions (p = 0.06), whereas the dreams of patients with PI were characterized by more negative elements than positive ones (p = 0.001). Subjectively, GSCs characterized their dreams as being more pleasant and containing more joy, happiness, and vividness (p ≤ 0.03) than patients with PI. Finally, elevated negative dream content was associated with lower sleep efficiencies in insomnia (p = 0.004).

Conclusion - These results suggest that less positive emotions and greater negative content characterize the dreams of patients with PI, which is in line with their waking experiences. One potential explanation could be hyperarousal exacerbating presleep negative mentation, thus contributing to poorer sleep quality. The lack of difference in dream recall frequency is most likely due to the forced awakening “dream collection” procedure. The study of dream activity seems a promising avenue for understanding the 24-h experience of insomnia better and exploring the potential benefits of dream management techniques.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Insomnia, dream activity, hyperarousal, continuity hypothesis, REM sleep, in-laboratory dream collection, dream content, dream recall frequency
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Nicola King
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 13:41
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/24156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence