The failure of deterrence in environmental law: Why the modernization of criminal enforcement will not stop ecological disorganization

Stretesky, Paul, Lynch, Michael, Long, Michael and Barrett, Kimberly (2014) The failure of deterrence in environmental law: Why the modernization of criminal enforcement will not stop ecological disorganization. In: 14th Annual Conference of European Society of Criminology, 10-13 September 2014, Prague.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

This paper tests the assumption that criminal enforcement reflects and promote ecological modernization in the United States between the years of 1988 and 2013 in the case of toxic releases. Data come from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Toxic Release Inventory. We discover little to no correlation between environmental enforcement and modernization; toxic releases are more likely to correspond to national and global trends in production. The rule of law does not reflect or promote environmental sustainability and suggest, instead, that enforcement efforts should be focused on reducing production as opposed to promoting deterrence as a way to ensure more sustainable production.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 14:57
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 14:57
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/24286

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence