People with diabetes, respiratory, liver or mental disorders, higher urinary antimony, bisphenol A, or pesticides had higher food insecurity: USA NHANES, 2005-2006.

Shiue, Ivy (2015) People with diabetes, respiratory, liver or mental disorders, higher urinary antimony, bisphenol A, or pesticides had higher food insecurity: USA NHANES, 2005-2006. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (1). pp. 198-205. ISSN 1614-7499

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5677-y

Abstract

This study was aimed to examine the prevalence of food insecurity and what social, health, and environmental characteristics could constitute such situation in a national and population-based setting. Data was retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006. Information on demographics, lifestyle factors, self-reported ever medical conditions in the past and self-reported food security conditions in the last 12 months calculated on the household level was obtained by household interview. Bloods and urines (subsample) were collected at the interview as well. Only adults aged 20 years and above (n = 4979) were included for statistical analysis in the present study. Chi-square test, t test, and survey-weighted logistic regression modeling were performed. Three thousand eight hundred thirty-four (77.9 %) people were with full food security, 466 (9.5 %) people were with marginal food security and 624 (12.7 %) people were with low or very low food security. Being younger, having higher ratios of family income to poverty thresholds (due to low level of education or lack of financial support), having prior asthma, arthritis, chronic bronchitis, depression, diabetes, eczema, emphysema or liver problems, having higher levels of serum cotinine, urinary antimony, bisphenol A, pesticides, or having lower levels of urinary Benzophenone-3 were associated with food insecurity. In addition to socioeconomic and smoking conditions, evidence on people with several prior health conditions and being exposed to environmental chemicals and food insecurity is further provided. Future social, health and environmental policy, and programs protecting people from food insecurity by considering both health and environmental factors mentioned above would be suggested.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: published online ahead of print - 31 October 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult health, chemicals, chronic disease, food security, poverty
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: Nicola King
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2015 11:24
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/24327

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