Development of a decision analytic model to support decision making and risk communication about thrombolytic treatment

McMeekin, Peter, Flynn, Darren, Ford, Gary, Rodgers, Helen, Gray, Joanne and Thompson, Richard (2015) Development of a decision analytic model to support decision making and risk communication about thrombolytic treatment. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 15 (1). ISSN 1472-6947

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12911-015-0213-z

Abstract

Background
Individualised prediction of outcomes can support clinical and shared decision making. This paper describes the building of such a model to predict outcomes with and without intravenous thrombolysis treatment following ischaemic stroke.

Methods
A decision analytic model (DAM) was constructed to establish the likely balance of benefits and risks of treating acute ischaemic stroke with thrombolysis. Probability of independence, (modified Rankin score mRS ≤ 2), dependence (mRS 3 to 5) and death at three months post-stroke was based on a calibrated version of the Stroke-Thrombolytic Predictive Instrument using data from routinely treated stroke patients in the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke (SITS-UK) registry. Predictions in untreated patients were validated using data from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA). The probability of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage in treated patients was incorporated using a scoring model from Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-Monitoring Study (SITS-MOST) data.

Results
The model predicts probabilities of haemorrhage, death, independence and dependence at 3-months, with and without thrombolysis, as a function of 13 patient characteristics. Calibration (and inclusion of additional predictors) of the Stroke-Thrombolytic Predictive Instrument (S-TPI) addressed issues of under and over prediction. Validation with VISTA data confirmed that assumptions about treatment effect were just. The C-statistics for independence and death in treated patients in the DAM were 0.793 and 0.771 respectively, and 0.776 for independence in untreated patients from VISTA.

Conclusions
We have produced a DAM that provides an estimation of the likely benefits and risks of thrombolysis for individual patients, which has subsequently been embedded in a computerised decision aid to support better decision-making and informed consent.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute Cerebral Infarction, emergency treatment of stroke, thrombolysis, clinical decision support, predictive models
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Health, Community and Education Studies > Healthcare
Depositing User: Nicola King
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 14:22
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2016 06:18
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/24519

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