The biodiversity and ecology of Antarctic lakes: models for evolution

Laybourn-Parry, Johanna and Pearce, David (2007) The biodiversity and ecology of Antarctic lakes: models for evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 362 (1488). pp. 2273-2289. ISSN 0962-8436

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2006.1945

Abstract

Antarctic lakes are characterised by simplified, truncated food webs. The lakes range from freshwater to hypersaline with a continuum of physical and chemical conditions that offer a natural laboratory in which to study evolution. Molecular studies on Antarctic lake communities are still in their infancy, but there is clear evidence from some taxonomic groups, for example the Cyanobacteria, that there is endemicity. Moreover, many of the bacteria have considerable potential as sources of novel biochemicals such as low temperature enzymes and anti-freeze proteins. Among the eukaryotic organisms survival strategies have evolved, among which dependence on mixotrophy in phytoflagellates and some ciliates is common. There is also some evidence of evolution of new species of flagellate in the marine derived saline lakes of the Vestfold Hills. Recent work on viruses in polar lakes demonstrates high abundance and high rates of infection, implying that they may play an important role in genetic exchange in these extreme environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lakes; bacteria; flagellates; cyanobacteria; ciliates
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
F700 Ocean Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 14:07
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 14:07
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/25147

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