Biodiversity and distribution of polar freshwater DNA viruses

Aguirre de Cárcer, Daniel, Lopez-Bueno, Alberto, Pearce, David and Alcami, Antonio (2015) Biodiversity and distribution of polar freshwater DNA viruses. Science Advances, 1 (5). e1400127-e1400127. ISSN 2375-2548

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1400127

Abstract

Viruses constitute the most abundant biological entities and a large reservoir of genetic diversity on Earth. Despite the recent surge in their study, our knowledge on their actual biodiversity and distribution remains sparse. We report the first metagenomic analysis of Arctic freshwater viral DNA communities and a comparative analysis with other freshwater environments. Arctic viromes are dominated by unknown and single-stranded DNA viruses with no close relatives in the database. These unique viral DNA communities mostly relate to each other and present some minor genetic overlap with other environments studied, including an Arctic Ocean virome. Despite common environmental conditions in polar ecosystems, the Arctic and Antarctic DNA viromes differ at the fine-grain genetic level while sharing a similar taxonomic composition. The study uncovers some viral lineages with a bipolar distribution, suggesting a global dispersal capacity for viruses, and seemingly indicates that viruses do not follow the latitudinal diversity gradient known for macroorganisms. Our study sheds light into the global biogeography and connectivity of viral communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virus, metagenomics, Arctic, environmental microbiology, biodiversity, freshwater lake
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 11:59
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 05:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/25194

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