Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users

Parrott, Andrew, Heffernan, Tom, Buchanan, Tom, Scholey, Andrew, Ling, Jonathan and Rodgers, Jacqui (2002) Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 17 (6). pp. 309-312. ISSN 0885-6222

[img]
Preview
PDF (Article)
Ecstacy-MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users.pdf - Submitted Version

Download (33kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.415

Abstract

The recreational use of MDMA/Ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is associated with many psychobiological problems, but there is a paucity of data on how these relate to the level of past use. Objectives: to assess the incidence of Ecstasy-attributed problems as reported by novice, moderate and heavy users. Methods: 763 unpaid volunteers took part in a WWW study of recreational drug use. This report is based on the 282 Ecstasy users from that sample, who comprised 109 novice users (1–9 occasions), 136 moderate users (10–99 occasions), and 36 heavy users (+100 occasions). Yes/no responses were automatically recorded to a series of questions covering psychobiological problems experienced when drug-free, which were attributed by the respondents to their Ecstasy use. Results: Depression, memory problems, anxiety, mood fluctuation, poor concentration, infections, tremors/twitches and weight loss, were all significantly associated with the extent of Ecstasy use. Thus memory problems attributed to Ecstasy were reported by 19% of novice users, 52% of heavy users and 73% of heavy users (chi-square 42.74, df=2, p<0.001); many of the other variables showed similar trends.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2008 14:09
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 15:35
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2571

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence