Performance and endocrine responses to differing ratios of concurrent strength and endurance training

Jones, Thomas, Howatson, Glyn, Russell, Mark and French, Duncan (2016) Performance and endocrine responses to differing ratios of concurrent strength and endurance training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (3). pp. 693-702. ISSN 1064-8011

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001135

Abstract

The present study examined functional strength and endocrine responses to varying ratios of strength and endurance training in a concurrent training regimen. 30 resistance-trained men completed 6 weeks of 3 d·wk-1 of i) strength training (ST), ii) concurrent strength and endurance training ratio 3:1 (CT3), iii) concurrent strength and endurance training ratio 1:1 (CT1) or iv) no training (CON). Strength training was conducted using whole-body, multi-joint exercises, while endurance training consisted of treadmill running. Assessments of maximal strength, lower body power, and endocrine factors were conducted pre-training and following 3 and 6 weeks. Following the intervention ST and CT3 elicited similar increases in lower body strength; furthermore, ST resulted in greater increases than CT1 and CON (all p < 0.05). All training conditions resulted in similar increases in upper body strength following training. ST group observed greater increases in lower body power than all other conditions (all p < 0.05). Following the final training session, CT1 elicited greater increases in cortisol than ST (p = 0.008). When implemented as part of a concurrent training regimen, higher volumes of endurance training result in the inhibition of lower body strength, whereas low volumes do not. Lower body power was attenuated by high and low frequencies of endurance training. Higher frequencies of endurance training resulted in increased cortisol responses to training. These data suggest that if strength development is the primary focus of a training intervention, frequency of endurance training should remain low.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: combined exercise, interference, cortisol, resistance training, training frequency
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Glyn Howatson
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 10:31
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2017 13:54
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/25940

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