Ever-Increasing Pseudocapacitance in RGO–MnO–RGO Sandwich Nanostructures for Ultrahigh-Rate Lithium Storage

Yuan, Tianzhi, Jiang, Yinzhu, Sun, Wenping, Bo, Xiang, Li, Yong, Yan, Mi, Xu, Ben and Dou, Shixue (2016) Ever-Increasing Pseudocapacitance in RGO–MnO–RGO Sandwich Nanostructures for Ultrahigh-Rate Lithium Storage. Advanced Functional Materials, 26 (13). pp. 2198-2206. ISSN 1616-301X

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Abstract

Lithium ion batteries have attained great success in commercialization owing to their high energy density. However, the relatively delaying discharge/charge severely hinders their high power applications due to intrinsically diffusion-controlled lithium storage of the electrode. This study demonstrates an ever-increasing surface redox capacitive lithium storage originating from an unique microstructure evolution during cycling in a novel RGO–MnO–RGO sandwich nanostructure. Such surface pseudocapacitance is dynamically in equilibrium with diffusion-controlled lithium storage, thereby achieving an unprecedented rate capability (331.9 mAh g−1 at 40 A g−1, 379 mAh g−1 after 4000 cycles at 15 A g−1) with outstanding cycle stability. The dynamic combination of surface and diffusion lithium storage of electrodes might open up possibilities for designing high-power lithium ion batteries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
H300 Mechanical Engineering
J500 Materials Technology not otherwise specified
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Ben Xu
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 09:36
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 14:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26063

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