Credit and Ethnicity in the Urban Atlantic World: Scottish Associational Culture in Colonial Philadelphia

Paul, Tawny (2015) Credit and Ethnicity in the Urban Atlantic World: Scottish Associational Culture in Colonial Philadelphia. Early American Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 13 (3). pp. 661-691. ISSN 1543-4273

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/eam.2015.0025

Abstract

The emergence of an associational world is often regarded as fundamental to the development of civil society, urban cultural life, and political consciousness in early America. The financial roles of voluntary associations, however, remain less well explored. This article draws on a case study of the St Andrews Society of Philadelphia to examine the credit functions of a voluntary association and to consider the relationship between ethnicity and economic practice in the urban Atlantic world. Through focus on the Society’s charitable, social and money-lending activities, it argues that associations had a crucial function in colonial communities as providers of credit in its entangled economic and social forms. In placing the Society within the context of both early American associational culture and the history of the Scottish Diaspora, the article considers why ‘Scottishness’ functioned as a basis for trust. Through its various activities, the Society manufactured and enforced a sense of Scottishness based upon the notion of good credit. Ethnicity was a flexible and fluid concept that incorporated the components of credit and individual worth based on social, occupational, and gender identities, providing a framework for interaction within Philadelphia’s particular public sphere and a wider Atlantic economy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: All rights reserved. Except for brief quotations used for purposes of scholarly citation, none of this work may be reproduced in any form by any means without written permission from the publisher. For information address the University of Pennsylvania Press, 3905 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4112.
Subjects: L100 Economics
L900 Others in Social studies
N100 Business studies
V100 History by period
V200 History by area
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Humanities
Depositing User: Tawny Paul
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2016 09:44
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2017 16:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26168

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