Specialist versus generic models of psychiatry training and service provision for people with intellectual disabilities

O'Brien, Gregory, Cooper, Sally-Ann, Jess, Gillian, Torr, Jennifer, Lennox, Nicholas, Edwards, Nicole and Galea, Jennifer (2007) Specialist versus generic models of psychiatry training and service provision for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21 (2). pp. 183-193. ISSN 1360-2322

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00394.x

Abstract

Background Models of service provision and professional training differ between countries. This study aims to investigate a specialist intellectual disabilities model and a generic mental health model, specifically comparing psychiatrists' knowledge and competencies, and service quality and accessibility in meeting the mental health needs of people with intellectual disabilities. Method Data were collected from consultant and trainee psychiatrists within a specialist intellectual disabilities model (UK) and a generic mental health model (Australia). Results The sample sizes were 294 (UK) and 205 (Australia). Statistically significant differences were found, with UK participants having positive views about the specialist intellectual disabilities service model they worked within, demonstrating flexible and accessible working practices and service provision, responsive to the range of mental health needs of the population with intellectual disabilities, and providing a wide range of treatments and supports. The UK participants were knowledgeable, well trained and confident in their work. They wanted to work with people with intellectual disabilities. In all of these areas, the converse was found from the Australian generic mental health service model. Conclusions The specialist intellectual disabilities model of service provision and training has advantages over the generic mental health model.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: O'Brien is seventh author, but is an equal status author. This paper was the result of collaboration between clinical researchers in the UK and in Australia, exploring the impact of policy developments in services for people with intellectual disabilities in the two nations. As chair of the Faculty of Learning Disability in the UK, O'Brien was responsible for the implementation of the UK arm of the project, in addition to his co-authorship role. This paper has been published in advanced electronic format during the RAE census period prior to its appearance in hard-copy format in early 2008.
Uncontrolled Keywords: People with mental disabilities, Psychiatry-Training, Mental health-Needs assessment, Mental retardation
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2008 16:39
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2619

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