Source, impact and removal of malodour from soiled clothing

Denawaka, Chamila, Fowlis, Ian and Dean, John (2016) Source, impact and removal of malodour from soiled clothing. Journal of Chromatography A, 1438. pp. 216-225. ISSN 0021-9673

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2016.02.037

Abstract

Static headspace – multi-capillary column – gas chromatography – ion mobility spectrometry (SHS-MCC-GC-IMS) has been applied to the analysis of malodour compounds from soiled clothing (socks and T-shirts), pre- and post washing, at low temperature (20 °C). Six volatile compounds (VCs) (i.e. butyric acid, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, 2-heptanone, 2-nonanone and 2-octanone) were identified. After sensory evaluation of soiled garments they were subjected to laundering with non-perfumed washing powder. The efficiency of the laundering process was evaluated by determining the reduction of each detected volatile compound (VC) post-wash (damp) for socks and T-shirts; VC concentration reductions of between 16 and 100% were noted, irrespective of sample type. Additionally the T-shirt study considered the change in VC concentration post-wash (dry) i.e. after the drying process at ambient temperature. Overall VC concentration reductions of between 25 and 98% were noted for T-shirt samples pre-wash to post-wash (dry). Finally, a potential biochemical metabolic pathway for the formation of malodour compounds associated with bacteria in axillary sweat is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malodour; Washing efficiency; Laundry; Washing powder; Multi-capillary column–gas Chromatography – ion mobility spectrometry
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2016 11:02
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:44
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26260

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