The effects of environment and ownership on children's innovation of tools and tool material selection

Sheridan, Kimberly, Konopasky, Abigail, Kirkwood, Sophie and Defeyter, Margaret Anne (Greta) (2016) The effects of environment and ownership on children's innovation of tools and tool material selection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (1690). p. 20150191. ISSN 0962-8436

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0191

Abstract

Research indicates that in experimental settings, young children of 3–7 years old are unlikely to devise a simple tool to solve a problem. This series of exploratory studies done in museums in the US and UK explores how environment and ownership of materials may improve children's ability and inclination for (i) tool material selection and (ii) innovation. The first study takes place in a children's museum, an environment where children can use tools and materials freely. We replicated a tool innovation task in this environment and found that while 3–4 year olds showed the predicted low levels of innovation rates, 4–7 year olds showed higher rates of innovation than the younger children and than reported in prior studies. The second study explores the effect of whether the experimental materials are owned by the experimenter or the child on tool selection and innovation. Results showed that 5–6 year olds and 6–7 year olds were more likely to select tool material they owned compared to tool material owned by the experimenter, although ownership had no effect on tool innovation. We argue that learning environments supporting tool exploration and invention and conveying ownership over materials may encourage successful tool innovation at earlier ages.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 13:48
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 10:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26366

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