"De respetar a las etnias para que sean productivas": Agroindustria, Daño Social y Ambiental, y Multiculturalismo Neoliberal

Mol, Hanneke (2016) "De respetar a las etnias para que sean productivas": Agroindustria, Daño Social y Ambiental, y Multiculturalismo Neoliberal. Revista Crítica Penal y Poder, 10. pp. 53-82. ISSN 2014-3753

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Abstract

From a green criminological perspective, this article addresses the social and environmental harms associated with palm oil production in the southern part of the Colombian Pacific region. The indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities that inhabit this region are endowed with a set of specific cultural rights and collective entitlements to their lands. This should allow to challenge and in due course overcome hegemonic notions and practices of legality that exclude from meaningful debate and the ambit of juridical and political action the types of harm by which Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities are disproportionately affected. However, in the current situation there is neither substantive debate of these harms nor can Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities effectively exercise the cultural, political, and economic autonomy they were formally granted. I draw on the concept of ‘neoliberal multiculturalism’ (Hale, 2007) to shed light on this problematic.

Desde una perspectiva basada en la criminología verde, el presente artículo aborda el caso del daño social y ambiental asociado con la industria de la palma de aceite en el Pacífico sur colombiano. Las comunidades indígenas y afrocolombianas que habitan esta zona cuentan con unos derechos culturales específicos y la titulación colectiva de sus tierras, lo cual debería permitir afrontar y superar nociones y prácticas de legalidad hegemónicas que hasta entonces habían dejado por fuera del debate y del ámbito de acción una variedad de daños sociales, culturales y ambientales de los cuales han sido víctimas. Sin embargo, en la situación actual no hay un debate sustantivo de estos daños ni un ejercicio real de la otorgada autonomía cultural, política y económica. A través el concepto de ‘multiculturalismo neoliberal’ de Hale (2007), busco explicar esta problemática.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: palm oil, social and environmental harm, green criminology, neoliberal multiculturalism, indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities, collective land titling
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Hanneke Mol
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2016 08:32
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2017 09:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26469

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