High water availability increases the negative impact of a native hemiparasite on its non-native host

Cirocco, Robert, Facelli, José and Watling, Jennifer (2016) High water availability increases the negative impact of a native hemiparasite on its non-native host. Journal of Experimental Botany, 67 (5). pp. 1567-1575. ISSN 0022-0957

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv548

Abstract

Environmental factors alter the impacts of parasitic plants on their hosts. However, there have been no controlled studies on how water availability modulates stem hemiparasites' effects on hosts. A glasshouse experiment was conducted to investigate the association between the Australian native stem hemiparasite Cassytha pubescens and the introduced host Ulex europaeus under high (HW) and low (LW) water supply. Cassytha pubescens had a significant, negative effect on the total biomass of U. europaeus, which was more severe in HW than LW. Regardless of watering treatment, infection significantly decreased shoot and root biomass, nodule biomass, nodule biomass per unit root biomass, F-v/F-m, and nitrogen concentration of U. europaeus. Host spine sodium concentration significantly increased in response to infection in LW but not HW conditions. Host water potential was significantly higher in HW than in LW, which may have allowed the parasite to maintain higher stomatal conductances in HW. In support of this, the delta C-13 of the parasite was significantly lower in HW than in LW (and significantly higher than the host). C. pubescens also had significantly higher F-v/F-m and 66% higher biomass per unit host in the HW compared with the LW treatment. The data suggest that the enhanced performance of C. pubescens in HW resulted in higher parasite growth rates and thus a larger demand for resources from the host, leading to poorer host performance in HW compared with LW. C. pubescens should more negatively affect U. europaeus growth under wet conditions rather than under dry conditions in the field.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass; carbon isotope; nitrogen; parasitic plant-host interactions; photoinhibition; sodium; water availability
Subjects: C200 Botany
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 11:24
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2017 17:13
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/26535

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