A cross-national study of the association between natural resource rents and homicide rates, 2000-2012

Stretesky, Paul, Long, Michael and Lynch, Michael (2017) A cross-national study of the association between natural resource rents and homicide rates, 2000-2012. European Journal of Criminology, 14 (4). pp. 393-414. ISSN 1477-3708

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1477370816661741

Abstract

Countries that rely on natural resource rents (that is, the revenue generated from the sale of natural resources) may suffer from a variety of social problems. This exploratory study reviews the natural resource extraction literature to derive a ‘natural resource rents–homicide’ hypothesis. Data for 173 countries for the years 2000 to 2012 are examined to determine if there is a correlation between natural resource rents and homicide rates. Multilevel growth models suggest that natural resource rents are positively correlated with homicide rates within countries (level 1) but not between them (level 2). Importantly, the correlation between natural resource rents and homicide is strongest when natural resource rents are lagged. We conclude by suggesting that increasing natural resource rents may be counterproductive over the long run and sow the seeds for a future increase in homicide.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological Disorganisation, Social Disorganisation, Inequality, Natural Resource Curse, Inequality and Homicide
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences & Languages
Depositing User: Paul Stretesky
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2016 08:15
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 19:50
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27149

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