Quantum cascade laser assisted time-resolved measurements of carbon dioxide absorption during combustion in DME-HCCI engine

Azimov, Ulugbek, Kawahara, Nobuyuki and Tomita, Eiji (2016) Quantum cascade laser assisted time-resolved measurements of carbon dioxide absorption during combustion in DME-HCCI engine. Fuel, 182. pp. 807-815. ISSN 0016 2361

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.06.040

Abstract

We conducted experiments to investigate in-cylinder light absorption by carbon dioxide (CO2) during homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine combustion. The combustion was fuelled with dimethyl ether. An in situ laser infrared absorption method was developed. We used an optical fibre spark plug sensor and the light source was a 4.301 μm quantum cascade laser (QCL). We applied Lambert–Beer’s law in the case of a single absorption line of CO2. We were able to measure the transient CO2 formation during the HCCI combustion inside the engine cylinder. Our experiments showed that the laser light transmissivity level decreased with the intensity of the infrared (IR) signal. We compared the change in the transmissivity to the spatially integrated HCCI flame luminosity level and observed significant correlations between the flame luminosity level, heat release rate and transmissivity. Time-resolved experiments showed that the CO2 absorbance increases when the second peak of the rate of heat release (ROHR) is maximised. After combustion, the CO2 concentration was approximately 4 vol%, which agrees with the amount of CO2 formed during complete combustion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HCCI; IC engine combustion; Dimethyl ether; CO2 infrared light absorption; Heat release rate; Quantum cascade laser
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 12:49
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2017 04:18
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27202

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