Diagnosis of carbonation induced corrosion initiation and progression in reinforced concrete structures using piezo-impedance transducers

Talakokula, V., Bhalla, S., Ball, Richard, Bowen, Chris, Pesce, Giovanni, Kurchania, R., Bhattacharjee, B., Gupta, A. and Paine, Kevin (2016) Diagnosis of carbonation induced corrosion initiation and progression in reinforced concrete structures using piezo-impedance transducers. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 242. pp. 79-91. ISSN 0924-4247

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2016.02.033

Abstract

In addition to chloride induced corrosion, the other commonly occurring type of rebar corrosion in reinforced concrete structures is that induced by the ingress of atmospheric carbon dioxide into concrete, commonly referred to as ‘carbonation induced corrosion’. This paper presents a new approach for detecting the onset and quantifying the level of carbonation induced rebar corrosion. The approach is based on the changes in the mechanical impedance parameters acquired using the electro-mechanical coupling of a piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic patch bonded to the surface of the rebar. The approach is non-destructive and is demonstrated though accelerated tests on reinforced concrete specimens subjected to controlled carbon dioxide exposure for a period spanning over 230 days. The equivalent stiffness parameter, extracted from the frequency response of the admittance signatures of the PZT patch, is found to increase with penetration of carbon dioxide inside the surface and the consequent carbonation, an observation that is correlated with phenolphthalein staining. After the onset of rebar corrosion, the equivalent stiffness parameter exhibited a reduction in magnitude over time, providing a clear indication of the occurrence of corrosion and the results are correlated with scanning electron microscope images and Raman spectroscopy measurements. The average rate of corrosion is determined using the equivalent mass parameter. The use of PZT ceramic transducers, therefore, provides an alternate and effective technique for diagnosis of carbonation induced rebar corrosion initiation and progression in reinforced concrete structures non-destructively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sem,chloride,corrosion,carbonation,steel reinforced concrete
Subjects: K200 Building
K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2016 08:59
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2017 07:59
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27338

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