In situ monitoring of pH changes in concrete and lime mortars

Pesce, Giovanni, Ball, Richard, Serrapede, Mara and Denuault, Guy (2014) In situ monitoring of pH changes in concrete and lime mortars. In: 34th Annual Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 15th - 16th September 2014, Sheffield, UK.

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Abstract

This paper describes how a new type of solid state microelectrode based on nanostructured palladium-hydride (PdH) can be used to monitor pH variations during carbonation of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). The experiments described were carried out under conditions similar to those typical of common porous substrates such as cement and lime mortars. In these tests PdH microelectrodes were employed to record pH transients during the carbonation within a humid fibrous mesh that simulated the porous substrate. To control the carbonation rate, experiments were carried out at different carbon dioxide partial pressures (pCO2) and in each case the experimental results were compared to theoretical calculations obtained using PHREEQC (pH-REdox-EQuilibrium) software. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of the calcium carbonate (CaCO3) crystals deposited on the fibrous mesh were used to evaluate characteristics of the solid phases precipitated during the reaction. Results demonstrate that these pH microsensors can operate reliably in very alkaline environments (pH>12) such as those produced by the dissolution of Ca(OH)2.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: J500 Materials Technology not otherwise specified
K200 Building
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2016 11:25
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 17:08
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27346

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