Reasons and remedies for the agglomeration of multilayered graphene and carbon nanotubes in polymers

Atif, Rasheed and Inam, Fawad (2016) Reasons and remedies for the agglomeration of multilayered graphene and carbon nanotubes in polymers. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 7. pp. 1174-1196. ISSN 2190-4286

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.7.109

Abstract

One of the main issues in the production of polymer nanocomposites is the dispersion state of filler as multilayered graphene (MLG) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) tend to agglomerate due to van der Waals forces. The agglomeration can be avoided by using organic solvents, selecting suitable dispersion and production methods, and functionalizing the fillers. Another proposed method is the use of hybrid fillers as synergistic effects can cause an improvement in the dispersion state of the fillers. In this review article, various aspects of each process that can help avoid filler agglomeration and improve dispersion state are discussed in detail. This review article would be helpful for both current and prospective researchers in the field of MLG- and CNT-based polymer nanocomposites to achieve maximum enhancement in mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of produced polymer nanocomposites.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full text available under licence - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
Uncontrolled Keywords: agglomeration; carbon nanotubes (CNTs); dispersion state; multilayered graphene (MLG); polymer nanocomposites
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
F300 Physics
H100 General Engineering
H300 Mechanical Engineering
J400 Polymers and Textiles
J500 Materials Technology not otherwise specified
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Fawad Inam
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 14:08
Last Modified: 13 May 2017 01:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27561

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