The Influence of subway climatology on gas dispersion and the effectiveness of guided evacuations in a complex subway station

Br‎üne, Markus, Charlton, James, Pflitsch, Andreas and Agnew, Brian (2016) The Influence of subway climatology on gas dispersion and the effectiveness of guided evacuations in a complex subway station. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25 (4). pp. 489-499. ISSN 0941-2948

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Abstract

This paper discusses a strategy that integrates data from tracer gas experiments with results from pedestrian simulation software in the evaluation of different evacuation procedures for subway stations in response to a fire or a terrorist attack with chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and enhanced conventional weapons (CBRNE). The study demonstrates that by combining the two data sets a greater understanding of the impact of different evacuations routes on an evacuee’s health is gained. It is shown that by controlling the routes pedestrians would use to exit a subway station, the number of fatalities and evacuees with long term health issues can be reduced. It is highlighted that a dynamic evacuation guiding system based on subway climatology would take into account the source of the toxin, the resulting dispersal of gas, smoke, etc. and the subway climatology at the time. In doing so, it would be possible to identify the most endangered areas and guide passengers via an adaptive escape route using audio and visual techniques. Information on the evolution of the emergency situation could also simultaneously be relayed back to the rescue forces to help to plan the rescue and evacuation procedures and optimise the deployment of the search and rescue teams.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pedestrian simulation, gas attack, subway climatology, tracer gas experiment, guided evacuation
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: James Charlton
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 15:11
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 15:37
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/27732

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