Ebola Check: Delivering molecular diagnostics at the point of need

Moschos, Sterghios (2015) Ebola Check: Delivering molecular diagnostics at the point of need. In: 3rd International Medical Olympaid, 2 - 4 October 2015, Thessaloniki.

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Abstract

The 2013-5 global outbreak of Ebolavirus disease brought to sharp focus the need for diagnostic capacity to be equitably available on a global scale: from the most under-developed areas of resource-limited countries in West Africa to high volume international travel hubs in Europe and the USA. Quick detection of the causal agent of disease is pivotal to containment, contact tracing and clinical action to protect healthcare workers, communities and patients. Nucleic acid testing (NAT) by real time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has emerged as the preferred method for reliable patient status confirmation. Presently, this is served through advanced clinical molecular laboratory testing in a <8hr manual process that requires 3.5ml venous blood samples. To meet the demand in West Africa, this has necessitated large-scale mobile laboratory and volunteer biomedical scientist deployment: a solution that has proven eventually adequate, albeit temporary against future re-emergence of this and other haemorrhagic fever disease agents prevalent in the region. The EbolaCheck consortium was formed in August 2014 to address the need for delivering NAT at the point of care. We have developed a novel platform technology that can QUantitatively, RAPidly IDentify (QuRapID) known RNA or DNA targets in viruses, bacteria, or eukaryotic cells directly in crude biofluids, including whole blood, in under 40min using a 5 microliter sample. The portable, battery-operated system lacks microfluidics, pumps or other sensitive/high cost parts making it suitable for the environmental and economic challenges of resource-limited countries. The simple, safe, 5-step sample-to-answer process requires minimal training and informs frontline healthcare workers of diagnostic status, whilst reporting remotely epidemiologically relevant results. Data on biosafety level 2 surrogate Ebolavirus templates presented in encapsulated or enveloped viruses indicate performance comparable to clinical laboratory testing and utility beyond filoviruses. Emerging performance data on live Ebolavirus, non-human primate disease model and patient samples, as well as future development plans will be discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sterghios Moschos
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 09:05
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 11:24
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28130

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