Sensor Pattern Noise Estimation Based on Improved Locally Adaptive DCT Filtering and Weighted Averaging for Source Camera Identification and Verification

Lawgaly, Ashref and Khelifi, Fouad (2017) Sensor Pattern Noise Estimation Based on Improved Locally Adaptive DCT Filtering and Weighted Averaging for Source Camera Identification and Verification. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 12 (2). pp. 392-404. ISSN 1556-6013

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIFS.2016.2620280

Abstract

Photo Response Non-Uniformity (PRNU) noise is a sensor pattern noise characterizing the imaging device. It has been broadly used in the literature for source camera identification and image authentication. The abundant information that the sensor pattern noise carries in terms of the frequency content makes it unique, and hence suitable for identifying the source camera and detecting image forgeries. However, the PRNU extraction process is inevitably faced with the presence of image-dependent information as well as other non-unique noise components. To reduce such undesirable effects, researchers have developed a number of techniques in different stages of the process, i.e., the filtering stage, the estimation stage, and the post-estimation stage. In this paper, we present a new PRNU-based source camera identification and verification system and propose enhancements in different stages. First, an improved version of the Locally Adaptive Discrete Cosine Transform (LADCT) filter is proposed in the filtering stage. In the estimation stage, a new Weighted Averaging (WA) technique is presented. The post-estimation stage consists of concatenating the PRNUs estimated from color planes in order to exploit the presence of physical PRNU components in different channels. Experimental results on two image datasets acquired by various camera devices have shown a significant gain obtained with the proposed enhancements in each stage as well as the superiority of the overall system over related state-of-the-art systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: digital image forensics, Photo Response Non-Uniformity noise, Source Camera Identification
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
G700 Artificial Intelligence
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer Science and Digital Technologies
Depositing User: Fouad Khelifi
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 13:39
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 14:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28227

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