Trends in the formation of environmental enforcement international non-governmental organizations, 1950 to 2010

Stretesky, Paul, Long, Michael and Lynch, Michael (2017) Trends in the formation of environmental enforcement international non-governmental organizations, 1950 to 2010. Globalizations, 14 (4). pp. 627-642. ISSN 1474-7731

[img] Text (Full text)
Globalizations_Edit_Three.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 May 2018.

Download (825kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2016.1239328

Abstract

Recent research highlights the importance of non-governmental organizations in environmental enforcement. These studies largely describe the operations of enforcement organizations locally. The present study offers an alternative perspective by considering environmental enforcement by international non-governmental organizations (INGOs). We employ the treadmill of production thesis to investigate the formation of environmental enforcement INGOs between 1950 and 2010. Prais–Winsten estimation techniques are used to investigate whether the formation of environmental enforcement INGOs is correlated with the global ecological footprint, gross world product, and/or organization density. Results confirm that there is no correlation between the ecological footprint and INGO formation. There is, however, considerable evidence of an inverted-U association between density and founding (p < .05). This discovery is important because it provides strong empirical support for the hypothesis that the global environmental enforcement culture is shaped by competitive neoliberal tendencies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: development policy, neoliberalism, non-profit markets, state-led development, civil society, green criminology
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences & Languages
Depositing User: Paul Stretesky
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2016 17:30
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2017 19:55
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28353

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence