Systems scale assessment of the sustainability implications of emerging green initiatives

Tiwary, Abhishek, Namdeo, Anil, Fuentes, Jose, Dore, Anthony, Hu, Xiao-Ming and Bell, Margaret (2013) Systems scale assessment of the sustainability implications of emerging green initiatives. Environmental Pollution, 183. pp. 213-223. ISSN 0269-7491

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.049

Abstract

This paper demonstrates a systems framework for assessment of environmental impacts from ‘green initiatives’, through a case study of meso-scale, anthropogenic–biogenic interactions. The following cross-sectoral green initiatives, combining the emerging trends in the North East region of the United Kingdom, have been considered – increasing the vegetation cover; decarbonising road transport; decentralising energy production through biomass plants. Two future scenarios are assessed – Baseline_2020 (projected emissions from realisation of policy instruments); Aggressive_2020 (additional emissions from realisation of green initiatives). Resulting trends from the Aggressive_2020 scenario suggest an increase in emissions of pollutant precursors, including biogenic volatile organic compounds and nitrogen dioxide over the base case by up to 20% and 5% respectively. This has implications for enhanced daytime ozone and secondary aerosols formation by up to 15% and over 5% respectively. Associated land cover changes show marginal decrease of ambient temperature but modest reductions in ammonia and ambient particulates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air quality; Bio energy; Electric vehicles; Green infrastructure; meso-scale; Secondary aerosols; Systems framework
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 16:12
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 11:07
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28656

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