Estimation of age-related vulnerability to air pollution: Assessment of respiratory health at local scale

Namdeo, Anil, Tiwary, Abhishek and Farrow, Ewan (2011) Estimation of age-related vulnerability to air pollution: Assessment of respiratory health at local scale. Environment International, 37 (5). pp. 829-837. ISSN 0160-4120

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.02.002

Abstract

This paper demonstrates association of short-term variation in pollution and health outcomes within the same geographical area for a typical urban setting in the northern part of the UK from time series analysis. It utilises publicly available datasets for regulated air pollutants (PM10, NO2, SO2, CO and O3), meteorology and respiratory hospital admissions (and mortality) between April 2002 and December 2005 to estimate the respiratory health effect of pollution exposure, mainly in the elderly. Our results show that PM10 and O3 are positively associated with respiratory hospital admissions in the elderly, specifically in the age group 70–79. CO effects seem to be concentrated on the most elderly age group (80+) whereas NO2 seems to have the opposite age-related effect, with lower effects on the more elderly.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exposure modelling; Local scale; Poisson regression; Respiratory health; Time-series; Urban
Subjects: L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2016 10:39
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2016 10:39
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28659

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