Modelling the size-dependent collection efficiency of hedgerows for ambient aerosols

Tiwary, Abhishek, Morvan, Hervé and Colls, Jeremy (2006) Modelling the size-dependent collection efficiency of hedgerows for ambient aerosols. Journal of Aerosol Science, 37 (8). pp. 990-1015. ISSN 0021-8502

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2005.07.004

Abstract

A model for estimating the size-segregated particle collection efficiencies of three hedgerow species of different aerodynamic porosities has been developed and tested in the particle size range 0.5–View the MathML source. Collection efficiency (CE) has been described in terms of the coupled effects of the deviation of the approach flow (CEflow) and the filtration through the foliage elements (CEfiltration). Variations in barrier porosities with wind speed, which govern both the flow and the particle collection mechanism, have been modelled using an empirical parameter called the “rigidity factor” (r) for representative leaf-sizes of the three hedge types. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) allows simulation of velocity fields and turbulence around the barriers, leading to identification of prominent flow separation zones in the wake of denser hedges. Application of different turbulence closure schemes in the CFD model influences the predicted CE only for particles above View the MathML source. Field validations obtained for a porous (hawthorn) and a denser (yew) hedge indicate that CEfiltration ranges between 10 and 35% for “coarse” particles (10–View the MathML source) and 1–5% for “fine” particles (0.5–View the MathML source), the porous hedge showing higher values in the former case and vice versa in the latter. Model predictions of CE over the particle size range studied for the porous hedge lie within 1–30% and for the denser hedge within 0.4–3%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hedgerows, resistance coefficient, collection efficiency, aerosols, CFD
Subjects: C900 Others in Biological Sciences
H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 16:23
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2016 16:23
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28668

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