The effects of compression garment pressure on recovery from strenuous exercise

Hill, Jessica, Howatson, Glyn, van Someren, Ken, Gaze, David, Legg, Hayley, Lineham, Jack and Pedlar, Charles (2016) The effects of compression garment pressure on recovery from strenuous exercise. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. ISSN 1555-0265 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0380

Abstract

Compression garments are frequently used to facilitate recovery from strenuous exercise.

Purpose: To identify the effects of two different grades of compression garment on recovery indices following strenuous exercise.

Methods: Forty five recreationally active participants (n=26 males and n=19 females) completed an eccentric exercise protocol consisting of 100 drop jumps. Following the exercise protocol participants were matched for body mass and randomly but equally assigned to either a high (HI) compression pressure group, a low (LOW) compression pressure group, or a sham ultrasound group (SHAM). Participants in the high (HI) and low (LOW) compression groups wore the garments for 72 h post-exercise; participants in the SHAM group received a single treatment of 10 minutes sham ultrasound. Measures of perceived muscle soreness, maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), counter movement jump height (CMJ), creatine kinase (CK), C-reactive protein (CRP) and myoglobin (Mb) were assessed before the exercise protocol and again at 1, 24, 48 and 72 h post exercise. Data were analysed using a repeated measures ANOVA.

Results: Recovery of MVC and CMJ was significantly improved with the HI compression garment (p < 0.05). A significant time by treatment interaction was also observed for jump height at 24 h post exercise (p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed for parameters of soreness and plasma CK, CRP and Mb.

Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that the pressures exerted by a compression garment affect recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), with a higher pressure improving recovery of muscle function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sport, external pressure, stockings, muscle function, muscle damage
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2016 08:40
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 23:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28833

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