Modern diatom assemblages from Chilean tidal marshes and their application for quantifying deformation during past great earthquakes

Hocking, Emma, Garrett, Ed and Cisternas, Marco (2017) Modern diatom assemblages from Chilean tidal marshes and their application for quantifying deformation during past great earthquakes. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32 (3). pp. 396-415. ISSN 0267-8179

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2933

Abstract

Tidal marsh sediments from south-central Chile provide evidence for multiple great earthquakes. Diatom transfer functions, statistical models of the relationship between species preserved in the sediment and elevation, provide quantitative estimates of coseismic vertical land-level change associated with individual earthquakes. However, in south-central Chile, our ability to quantify land-level change is currently limited by a lack of understanding of the environmental variables controlling the distribution of diatoms, an essential prerequisite for converting variations in fossil diatom assemblages into quantitative estimates of past elevation changes. We present a new modern diatom dataset for the region and explore the implications of the scale of the dataset used in transfer function models on the reconstructions of land level change. Modern training sets containing samples from a regional scale are superior to sub-regional and local scale training sets, providing closer estimates for known deformation during the great 1960 Chilean earthquake, a higher proportion of good modern analogues and uncertainty terms up to 42% smaller than previously published reconstructions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transfer functions, coseismic land-level change, relative sea-level change, modern training sets, paleoseismology
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 13:26
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2017 11:11
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/28903

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