Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Properties of the Essential Oils of Satureja thymbra and Satureja parnassica and their Major Constituents

Fitsiou, Eleni, Anestopoulos, Ioannis, Chlichlia, Katerina, Galanis, Alex, Kourkoutas, Ioannis, Panagiotidis, Mihalis and Pappa, Aglaia (2016) Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Properties of the Essential Oils of Satureja thymbra and Satureja parnassica and their Major Constituents. Anticancer Research, 36 (11). pp. 5757-5764. ISSN 0250-7005

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.11159

Abstract

Aim: The biopotential of the essential oils of the Greek aromatic plants Satureja thymbra and Satureja parnassica were investigated, together with their major components carvacrol, thymol, γ-terpinene and p-cymene.

Materials and Methods: Antioxidant and cancer cell cytotoxic properties were determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and sulforhodamine B assays, respectively. The antiproliferative potential was studied against the MCF-7, A549, HepG2 and Hep3B cell lines.

Results: S. thymbra oil possessed stronger antioxidant and antiproliferative capacity when tested on MCF-7 cells compared to S. parnassica oil. Thymol exhibited two-fold greater antioxidant potency than carvacrol, whereas γ-terpinene and p-cymene had no significant effect. Carvacrol was the most potent antiproliferative agent against A549 cells, while Hep3B cells were most sensitive to thymol. p-Cymene and γ-terpinene demonstrated negligible bioactivity.

Conclusion: S. thymbra and S. parnassica essential oils exhibit significant but diverse antioxidant and antiproliferative activities, mainly attributed to their main components, carvacrol and thymol.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Satureja thymbra, Satureja parnassica, essential oil, antioxidant, antiproliferative
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 09:07
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 12:08
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29220

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