Quil-A and MDP enhances the adjuvanticity of alum for intramuscular delivery of rURE

Moschos, Sterghios, Somavarapu, S., Bramwell, Vincent, Randall, L., Guy, B. and Alpar, Oya (2001) Quil-A and MDP enhances the adjuvanticity of alum for intramuscular delivery of rURE. Immunology, 104 (S1). p. 98. ISSN 1365-2567

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2567.2001.1040s10...

Abstract

Urease is one of the key enzymes involved in the establishment of infection by the stomach-colonizing pathogen Helicobacter pylori.The recombinant enzyme was co-administered parenterally with a range of adjuvants and their combinations. Over 6 months, we measured a number of immunological parameters to characterize both the intensity and quality of the ensuing immune responses. Of the formulations test-ed, alum þ Quil-A gave the highest peak humoral antibody titres, with chitosan and alum þ MDP reaching comparable levels. In contrast, MDP induced a lower response, however, titres were sustained throughout the duration of the study. Following splenocyte proliferation and supernatant cytokine analysis, alum þ MDP showed by far the highest proliferation index, with corresponding increased IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IFN-g concentrations. Alum þ Quil-A, produced the second highest proliferation index,superseding the alum þ MDP formulation only in IL-2 levels. Otherwise,IFN-g was observed only in the chitosan and alum formulations, chitosan being the only up-regulator of IL-4 alone or in combination with MDP,apart from free rURE. Surprisingly, MDP alone showed very low proliferation, with very low IL-6 and strongly down-regulated IL-4. In conclusion, the alum adjuvant combinations with MDP or Quil-A offer a significant potential in the process of eliciting CD4þ cells recently identified as essential for H. pylori clearance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2017 15:08
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:28
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29440

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