Radio-frequency interference mitigating hyperspectral L-band radiometer

Toose, Peter, Roy, Alexandre, Solheim, Frederick, Derksen, Chris, Watts, Tom, Royer, Alain and Walker, Anne (2017) Radio-frequency interference mitigating hyperspectral L-band radiometer. Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 6 (1). pp. 39-51. ISSN 2193-0864

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gi-6-39-2017

Abstract

Radio-frequency interference (RFI) can significantly contaminate the measured radiometric signal of current spaceborne L-band passive microwave radiometers. These spaceborne radiometers operate within the protected passive remote sensing and radio-astronomy frequency allocation of 1400–1427 MHz but nonetheless are still subjected to frequent RFI intrusions. We present a unique surface-based and airborne hyperspectral 385 channel, dual polarization, L-band Fourier transform, RFI-detecting radiometer designed with a frequency range from 1400 through  ≈  1550 MHz. The extended frequency range was intended to increase the likelihood of detecting adjacent RFI-free channels to increase the signal, and therefore the thermal resolution, of the radiometer instrument. The external instrument calibration uses three targets (sky, ambient, and warm), and validation from independent stability measurements shows a mean absolute error (MAE) of 1.0 K for ambient and warm targets and 1.5 K for sky. A simple but effective RFI removal method which exploits the large number of frequency channels is also described. This method separates the desired thermal emission from RFI intrusions and was evaluated with synthetic microwave spectra generated using a Monte Carlo approach and validated with surface-based and airborne experimental measurements.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2017 14:04
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 14:14
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29806

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