Modelling the Ecological Comorbidity of Acute Respiratory Infection, Diarrhoea and Stunting among Children Under the Age of 5 Years in Somalia

Kinyoki, Damaris, Manda, Samuel, Moloney, Grainne, Odundo, Elijah, Berkley, James, Noor, Abdisalan and Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin (2017) Modelling the Ecological Comorbidity of Acute Respiratory Infection, Diarrhoea and Stunting among Children Under the Age of 5 Years in Somalia. International Statistical Review, 85 (1). pp. 164-176. ISSN 0306-7734

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/insr.12206

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess spatial co-occurrence of acute respiratory infections (ARI), diarrhoea and stunting among children of the age between 6 and 59 months in Somalia. Data were obtained from routine biannual nutrition surveys conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization 2007–2010. A Bayesian hierarchical geostatistical shared component model was fitted to the residual spatial components of the three health conditions. Risk maps of the common spatial effects at 1×1 km resolution were derived. The empirical correlations of the enumeration area proportion were 0.37, 0.63 and 0.66 for ARI and stunting, diarrhoea and stunting and ARI and diarrhoea, respectively. Spatially, the posterior residual effects ranged 0.03–20.98, 0.16–6.37 and 0.08–9.66 for shared component between ARI and stunting, diarrhoea and stunting and ARI and diarrhoea, respectively. The analysis showed clearly that the spatial shared component between ARI, diarrhoea and stunting was higher in the southern part of the country. Interventions aimed at controlling and mitigating the adverse effects of these three childhood health conditions should focus on their common putative risk factors, particularly in the South in Somalia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diarrhoea; acute respiratory infections; stunting; geostatistics; shared component; Somalia
Subjects: G300 Statistics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2017 15:00
Last Modified: 13 May 2017 05:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29824

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