Perceived financial barriers and the start-up decision: An econometric analysis of gender differences using GEM data

Roper, Stephen and Scott, Jonathan (2009) Perceived financial barriers and the start-up decision: An econometric analysis of gender differences using GEM data. International Small Business Journal, 27 (2). pp. 149-171. ISSN 0266-2426

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242608100488

Abstract

Although accessing finance is key to the foundation of any business, particular concerns have been expressed about the ability of UK women-owned firms to obtain external finance. In this article we use an econometric approach to explore the effect of perceptions of financial barriers to start-up on the start-up decision itself. Our analysis is based on the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) UK 2004 database. Standardizing for a range of individual characteristics, we find that women are around 7.4 more likely to perceive financial barriers to business start-up than men.As perceptions of financial barriers are linked negatively to the start-up decision, stronger perceptions of financial barriers among women are having a disproportionate effect on women's start-up decisions. However, being female also has an additional negative effect on the start-up decision, not linked to financial barriers. Policy responses, therefore, need to take into account the demand-side with the aim of countering the more negative perceptions of start-up finance among potential women entrepreneurs. Mentoring and confidencebuilding programmes are obvious possibilities.We also find support for the value of university and college-based work experience programmes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: N100 Business studies
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School > Business and Management
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 11:04
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 11:28
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29963

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