New routes to sustainable photovoltaics: evaluation of Cu2ZnSnS4 as an alternative absorber material

Scragg, Jonathan, Dale, Phillip, Peter, Laurence, Zoppi, Guillaume and Forbes, Ian (2008) New routes to sustainable photovoltaics: evaluation of Cu2ZnSnS4 as an alternative absorber material. Physica Status Solidi (b), 245 (9). pp. 1772-1778. ISSN 0370-1972

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pssb.200879539

Abstract

Thin film heterojunction solar cells based on chalcopyrites such as Cu(In,Ga)Se2 have achieved impressive efficiencies. However concern about the long term sustainability of photovoltaics based on scarce or expensive raw materials has prompted the search for alternative absorber materials. In this work, films of the p-type absorber Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) were prepared by electroplating metallic precursors sequentially onto a molybdenum-coated glass substrate followed by an nealing in a sulfur atmosphere. The polycrystalline CZTS films were characterized by photoelectrochemical methods, which showed films were p-type with doping densities of the order of 1016 cm-3 and a band gap of 1.49 eV, close to the optimum value for terrestrial solar energy conversion. Preliminary results obtained for solar cells fabricated with this material are promising.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photovoltaic power generation, Solar cells
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2009 14:11
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/3022

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