Transparent Flexible Thermoelectric Material Based on Non-toxic Earth-Abundant p-Type Copper Iodide Thin Film

Yang, Chang, Souchay, Daniel, Kneiß, Max, Bogner, Manuel, Wei, Haoming, Lorenz, Michael, Oeckler, Oliver, Benstetter, Günther, Fu, Yong Qing and Grundmann, Marius (2017) Transparent Flexible Thermoelectric Material Based on Non-toxic Earth-Abundant p-Type Copper Iodide Thin Film. Nature Communications, 8. p. 16076. ISSN 2041-1723

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms16076

Abstract

Thermoelectric devices that are flexible and optically transparent hold unique promise for future electronics. However, development of 'invisible' thermoelectric elements is hindered by the lack of p-type transparent thermoelectric materials. Here we present the superior room-temperature thermoelectric performance of p-type transparent copper iodide (CuI) thin films deposited by industrially applicable room-temperature sputtering techniques. The optical transmittance is 60–85% in the visible and near-infrared regions. Large Seebeck coefficients and power factors of the obtained CuI thin films are analyzed based on a single-band model. The low thermal conductivity of the CuI films is attributed to a combined effect of the heavy element iodine and strong phonon scattering. Accordingly, we achieve a large thermoelectric figure of merit of ZT = 0.21 at 300 K for the CuI films, which is three orders of magnitude higher compared with state-of-the-art p-type transparent materials. A transparent and flexible CuI-based thermoelectric element is demonstrated.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 10:23
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2017 06:40
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30605

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