Mach–Zehnder Interferometer-Based Integrated Terahertz Temperature Sensor

Ma, Youqiao, Nguyen-Huu, Nghia, Zhou, Jun, Maeda, Hiroshi, Wu, Qiang, Eldlio, Mohamed, Pistora, Jaromir and Cada, Michael (2017) Mach–Zehnder Interferometer-Based Integrated Terahertz Temperature Sensor. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 23 (4). p. 4601607. ISSN 1077-260X

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Mach-Zehnder Interferometer based Integrated Terahertz Temperature Sensor.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2017.2660882

Abstract

A plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) for temperature sensing is reported in the terahertz (THz) regime. The MZI is formed by embedding a semiconductor (SC) layer into a silicon membrane, where the SC layer supports two independent propagating surface plasmon polariton (SPP) waves on both surfaces. The temperature-sensitive phase difference between these two SPP waves gives rise to the modulation of the transmitted intensity. The results show that the MZI sensor possesses a sensitivity and a figure of merit as high as 8.9 × 10-3 THz/K and 117, respectively. Theoretical calculations indicate that the further improvement in sensing performance is still possible through optimization of the structure Moreover, an investigation of structural perturbations indicates that the MZI has a good tolerance to the fabrication errors. The compact MZI-based waveguide structure may find important applications in areas of sensing and integrated THz circuits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Terahertz, plasmonics, Mach-Zehnder interferometers, temperature sensors
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 11:23
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 05:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30697

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