Dry Eye Disease and Microbial Keratitis: Is There a Connection?

Narayanan, Srihari, Redfern, Rachel, Miller, William, Nichols, Kelly and McDermott, Alison (2013) Dry Eye Disease and Microbial Keratitis: Is There a Connection? The Ocular Surface, 11 (2). pp. 75-92. ISSN 1542-0124

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtos.2012.12.002

Abstract

Dry eye is a common ocular surface disease of multifactorial etiology characterized by elevated tear osmolality and inflammation leading to a disrupted ocular surface. The latter is a risk factor for ocular surface infection, yet overt infection is not commonly seen clinically in the typical dry eye patient. This suggests that important innate mechanisms operate to protect the dry eye from invading pathogens. This article reviews the current literature on epidemiology of ocular surface infection in dry eye patients and laboratory-based studies on innate immune mechanisms operating at the ocular surface and their alterations in human dry eye and animal models. The review highlights current understanding of innate immunity in dry eye and identifies gaps in our knowledge to help direct future studies to further unravel the complexities of dry eye disease and its sequelae.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antimicrobial peptides; contact lens; cornea; conjunctiva; cyclosporine; dry eye; infection; innate immunity; ocular surface inflammation; tears
Subjects: B500 Ophthalmics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 23 May 2017 13:32
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 13:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30803

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