Antibacterial Activities of Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimers Terminated with Amino and Poly(ethylene glycol) Groups

Calabretta, Michelle, Kumar, Amit, McDermott, Alison and Cai, Chengzhi (2007) Antibacterial Activities of Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimers Terminated with Amino and Poly(ethylene glycol) Groups. Biomacromolecules, 8 (6). pp. 1807-1811. ISSN 1525-7797

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/bm0701088

Abstract

Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer derivatives have been investigated for their biological applications, especially for delivery of drugs, including antimicrobial drugs to eukaryotic cells, but their effects on bacterial cells are largely unexplored. Herein we report that amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimers are highly toxic to the common Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The concentration that kills 50% of the bacteria (EC50) was in the range of ∼0.9−1.5 μg/mL for the generation 5, amino-terminated dendrimers with or without partial (43%) coating of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). These EC50 values were lower than that (∼1.9−2.8 μg/mL) for LL-37, a potent antimicrobial peptide expressed in a variety of epithelia. On the contrary, the dendrimers were far less toxic (EC50 > 21 μg/mL) to the Gram-positive pathogen Staphylococcus aureus than LL-37 (EC50 = ∼1.9 μg/mL). In agreement with the previous studies on other cell types, the dendrimers were not cytotoxic to human corneal epithelial cells at the concentrations that were toxic to P. aeruginosa. Our findings indicate that amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimers and their partially PEG-coated derivatives possess attractive antimicrobial properties, particularly against Gram-negative bacteria, thus expanding the potential biological application of the dendrimers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B500 Ophthalmics
F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 24 May 2017 08:21
Last Modified: 24 May 2017 08:21
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30821

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence