Population Displacement and Sustainable Development: The Significance of Environmental Sustainability in Refugee–Host Relationships in the Congo−Brazzaville Crises

Mbakem-evarist, Anu (2017) Population Displacement and Sustainable Development: The Significance of Environmental Sustainability in Refugee–Host Relationships in the Congo−Brazzaville Crises. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 52 (3). pp. 363-377. ISSN 0021-9096

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0021909615594306

Abstract

The Republic of Congo experienced repeated outbreaks of armed conflicts between militiamen affiliated to three main political factions, which affected the socioeconomic fabrics of the Congolese society until late 2000. This paper examines the socioeconomic and environmental impact of interactions between the local population and forcibly displaced people from an environmental sustainability perspective. The findings hold that the impact of repeated political violence and associated livelihoods insecurity escalated resentment towards refugees regarded by some members of the local population as scroungers, despite their visible contribution toward innovative community projects. It is also shown here that although refugees’ livelihoods initiatives were environmentally sustainable, institutional disregard and
misrepresentations enhanced misleading interpretations and subjectivities. It is proposed therefore that environmental sustainability is one of the key ingredients in refugee−host relations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: population displacement, refugee−host relationship, livelihoods adaptation, environmental sustainability
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 15:51
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 15:03
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30915

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