Bioreactance is a reliable method for estimating cardiac output at rest and during exercise

Jones, Thomas, Houghton, David, Cassidy, Sophie, MacGowan, Guy, Trenell, Michael and Jakovljevic, Djordje (2015) Bioreactance is a reliable method for estimating cardiac output at rest and during exercise. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 115 (3). pp. 386-391. ISSN 0007-0912

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/aeu560

Abstract

Background:
Bioreactance is a novel noninvasive method for cardiac output measurement that involves analysis of blood flow-dependent changes in phase shifts of electrical currents applied across the thorax. The present study evaluated the test-retest reliability of bioreactance for assessing haemodynamic variables at rest and during exercise.

Methods:
22 healthy subjects (26 (4) yrs) performed an incremental cycle ergometer exercise protocol relative to their individual power output at maximal O2 consumption (Wmax) on two separate occasions (trials 1 and 2). Participants cycled for five 3 min stages at 20, 40, 60, 80 and 90% Wmax. Haemodynamic and cardiorespiratory variables were assessed at rest and continuously during the exercise protocol.

Results:
Cardiac output was not significantly different between trials at rest (P=0.948), or between trials at any stage of the exercise protocol (all P>0.30). There was a strong relationship between cardiac output estimates between the trials (ICC=0.95, P<0.001) and oxygen consumption (ICC=0.99, P<0.001). Stroke volume was also not significantly different between trials at rest (P=0.989) or during exercise (all P>0.15), and strong relationships between trials were found (ICC=0.83, P<0.001).

Conclusions:
The bioreactance method demonstrates good test-retest reliability for estimating cardiac output at rest and during different stages of graded exercise testing including maximal exertion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiac output; exercise test; haemodynamics; monitoring, physiological
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2017 12:32
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 13:52
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30991

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