Reciprocal Control in Adaptive Environments

Jäger, Nils, Schnädelbach, Holger, Hale, Jonathan, Kirk, David and Glover, Kevin (2017) Reciprocal Control in Adaptive Environments. Interacting with Computers, 29 (4). pp. 512-529. ISSN 0953-5438

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Abstract

Computing has become an established part of the built environment augmenting it to become adaptive. We generally assume that we control the adaptive environments we inhabit. Using an existing adaptive environment prototype, we conducted a controlled study testing how the reversal of control (where the environment attempts to influence the behaviour of the inhabitant) would affect participants. Most participants changed their respiratory behaviour in accordance with this environmental manipulation. Behavioural change occurred either consciously or unconsciously. We explain the two different paths leading participants to behavioural change: (i) we adapt the model of interbodily resonance, a process of bodily interaction observable between, for example, partners engaged in verbal dialogue, to describe the unconscious bodily response to subtle changes in the environment and (ii) we apply the model of secondary control, an adjustment of one's own expectations to maintain the pretence of control, to describe conscious cognitive adaptation to the changing environment. We also discuss potential applications of our findings in therapeutic and other settings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: user studies, laboratory experiments, tangible interaction, perceptual interfaces, architecture (buildings), control, embodiment, adaptive environments, interaction
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
G500 Information Systems
K100 Architecture
W200 Design studies
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer Science and Digital Technologies
Depositing User: David Kirk
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2017 08:19
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 08:22
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31168

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