Metameric Indoor Localization Schemes Using Visible Lights

Pergoloni, Stefano, Mohamadi, Zeinab, Vegni, Anna Maria, Ghassemlooy, Zabih and Biagi, Mauro (2017) Metameric Indoor Localization Schemes Using Visible Lights. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 35 (14). pp. 2933-2942. ISSN 0733-8724

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2017.2706527

Abstract

In indoor environments, visible light communications paradigm is emerging as a viable promising solution complementary to well-known radio frequency technology. At the same time, the information about user's location is useful for accessing the medium via space-division multiplexing, handling over or providing access to location-based contents. In this paper, we present two localization mechanisms based on the wavelength domain by assuming that each anchor point uses a spectrally dedicated signature for the user to readily identify it. The first approach, i.e., wavelength-based localization, assumes a simultaneous transmission of three different pulse streams emitted by the red-green-blue (RGB) light emitting diodes (LEDs). The second method, i.e., colorbased localization, considers the subsequent transmission of RGB pulses. Localization is then computed through traditional received signal strength and time difference of arrival approaches. Moreover, we resort to the properties of metamerism so that the red, green, and blue components used by LEDs provide the white light sensation to the human eye. The performances of the two proposed schemes are close to theoretical bounds. Even in the worst cases, the estimation error variance is in the order of 10-4 m2. Finally, the signaling request for estimating user position is less than others in the literature and is independent from the number of anchor points.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Colors, indoor, localization, visible light, wavelength
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2017 14:59
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 14:59
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31186

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