Speaker-Versus Listener-Oriented Disfluency: A Re-examination of Arguments and Assumptions from Autism Spectrum Disorder

Engelhardt, Paul, Alfridijanta, Oliver, McMullon, Mhairi and Corley, Martin (2017) Speaker-Versus Listener-Oriented Disfluency: A Re-examination of Arguments and Assumptions from Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47 (9). pp. 2885-2898. ISSN 0162-3257

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3215-0

Abstract

We re-evaluate conclusions about disfluency production in high-functioning forms of autism spectrum disorder (HFA). Previous studies examined individuals with HFA to address a theoretical question regarding speaker- and listener-oriented disfluencies. Individuals with HFA tend to be self-centric and have poor pragmatic language skills, and should be less likely to produce listener-oriented disfluency. However, previous studies did not account for individual differences variables that affect disfluency. We show that both matched and unmatched controls produce fewer repairs than individuals with HFA. For silent pauses, there was no difference between matched controls and HFA, but both groups produced more than unmatched controls. These results identify limitations in prior research and shed light on the relationship between autism spectrum disorders and disfluent speech.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: speech fluency, verbal intelligence, executive function, disfluencies, individual differences
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 10:31
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 10:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31315

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