Validation of a standard forensic anthropology examination protocol by measurement of applicability and reliability on exhumed and archive samples of known biological attribution

Francisco, Raffaela Arrabaça, Evison, Martin, Lobo da Costa Junior, Moacyr, Pantozzi Silveira, Teresa Cristina, Secchieri, José Marcelo and Guimarães, Marco Aurelio (2017) Validation of a standard forensic anthropology examination protocol by measurement of applicability and reliability on exhumed and archive samples of known biological attribution. Forensic Science International, 279. pp. 241-250. ISSN 0379-0738

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
Text (Article)
113 Validation of a standard forensic anthropology examination protocol .pdf - Accepted Version

Download (3MB) | Preview
[img] Text (Article)
113 Validation of a standard forensic anthropology examination protocol .docx - Accepted Version

Download (335kB)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.08.015

Abstract

Forensic anthropology makes an important contribution to human identification and assessment of the causes and mechanisms of death and body disposal in criminal and civil investigations, including those related to atrocity, disaster and trafficking victim identification. The methods used are comparative, relying on assignment of questioned material to categories observed in standard reference material of known attribution. Reference collections typically originate in Europe and North America, and are not necessarily representative of contemporary global populations. Methods based on them must be validated when applied to novel populations. This study describes the validation of a standardized forensic anthropology examination protocol by application to two contemporary Brazilian skeletal samples of known attribution. One sample (n=90) was collected from exhumations following 7-35 years of burial and the second (n=30) was collected following successful investigations following routine case work. The study presents measurement of 1) the applicability of each of the methods used and 2) the reliability with which the biographic parameters were assigned in each case. The results are discussed with reference to published assessments of methodological reliability regarding sex, age and—in particular—ancestry estimation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: forensic anthropology, osteology, validation, applicability, reliability, Brazil
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Martin Evison
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 10:15
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 14:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31814

Available Versions of this Item

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence