Contraction intensity and sex differences in knee-extensor fatigability

Ansdell, Paul, Thomas, Kevin, Howatson, Glyn, Hunter, Sandra and Goodall, Stuart (2017) Contraction intensity and sex differences in knee-extensor fatigability. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 37. pp. 68-74. ISSN 1050-6411

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2017.09.003

Abstract

Females are less fatigable than males during isometric contractions across various muscles and intensities. However, sex differences in knee-extensor fatigability remain relatively unexplored.

Purpose:
To determine the sex difference in performance fatigability for intermittent, isometric contractions of the knee-extensor muscles.

Methods:
Eighteen participants (10 males, 8 females) performed intermittent, isometric, knee-extensor contractions at 30% of their maximal voluntary force (MVC) for 30 min and in a separate session at 50% MVC until task-failure. During both fatiguing protocols a MVC was performed every 60s and electromyography (EMG) was recorded during all contractions.

Results:
At task completion males had a larger reduction in MVC force for the 30% MVC task (−32±15% vs. −15±16%, P=0.042) and the 50% MVC task (−34±8% vs. −24±1%, P=0.045). Furthermore, for the 50% MVC task, females had a longer task duration (937±525 s vs. 397±153 s, P=0.007). The rise in EMG activity and force fluctuations were more rapid for the males than females (P<0.05). When participants were matched for strength post-hoc (n=10), a sex difference in fatigability for both tasks was still evident.

Conclusions:
Females were less fatigable than males during intermittent, isometric, knee-extensor contractions at moderate relative forces and this difference was independent of strength.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: electromyography, force fluctuations, muscle fatigue, quadriceps, sex differences
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 10:19
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 21:18
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31918

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