Muscle-Tendon Unit Properties during Eccentric Exercise Correlate with the Creatine Kinase Response

Hicks, Kirsty, Onambele-Pearson, Gladys, Winwood, Keith and Morse, Christopher (2017) Muscle-Tendon Unit Properties during Eccentric Exercise Correlate with the Creatine Kinase Response. Frontiers in Physiology, 8. p. 657. ISSN 1664-042X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00657

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this paper was to determine whether; (1) patella tendon stiffness, (2) the magnitude of vastus lateralis fascicle lengthening, and (3) eccentric torque correlate with markers of exercise induced muscle damage.

Method: Combining dynamometry and ultrasonography, patella tendon properties and vastus lateralis architectural properties were measured pre and during the first of six sets of 12 maximal voluntary eccentric knee extensions. Maximal isometric torque loss and creatine kinase activity were measured pre-damage (−48 h), 48, 96, and 168 h post-damage as markers of exercise-induced muscle damage.

Results: A significant increase in creatine kinase (883 ± 667 UL) and a significant reduction in maximal isometric torque loss (21%) was reported post-eccentric contractions. Change in creatine kinase from pre to peak significantly correlated with the relative change in vastus lateralis fascicle length during eccentric contractions (r = 0.53, p = 0.02) and with eccentric torque (r = 0.50, p = 0.02). Additionally, creatine kinase tended to correlate with estimated patella tendon lengthening during eccentric contractions (p < 0.10). However, creatine kinase did not correlate with resting measures of patella tendon properties or vastus lateralis properties. Similarly, torque loss did not correlate with any patella tendon or vastus lateralis properties at rest or during eccentric contractions.

Conclusion: The current study demonstrates that the extent of fascicle strain during eccentric contractions correlates with the magnitude of the creatine kinase response. Although at rest, there is no relationship between patella tendon properties and markers of muscle damage; during eccentric contractions however, the patella tendon may play a role in the creatine kinase response following EIMD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: creatine kinase, exercise-induced muscle damage, fascicle strain, maximal isometric torque loss, tendon stiffness
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 14:50
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 14:09
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/32259

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