Dynamics of matter wave packets in the presence of time-dependent absorption

Barbier, Maximilien (2017) Dynamics of matter wave packets in the presence of time-dependent absorption. Doctoral thesis, Northumbria University.

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Atom-laser interaction is at the heart of the vibrant field of quantum optics. The dynamical properties of a moving atom submitted to a laser radiation are strongly
influenced by the position- and time-dependence of the latter. The full physical state of the atom must include information about the centre-of-mass motion and the internal structure of the atom. It is challenging to obtain a complete description of the full state of the atom. However, there exists an alternative approach to the dynamics of an atom in the presence of a laser, which is based on the concept of matter-wave absorption.

In this thesis, we theoretically study the nonrelativistic one-dimensional motion of an electrically neutral quantum particle in the presence of a thin time-dependent absorber, representing the laser radiation. Our aim is to better understand the precise connection between time-dependent matter-wave absorption and the interaction between an atom and a localised time-dependent laser.

Our analysis is based on two different approaches to the problem. The first one describes the moving atom by a two-level system, and represents the laser radiation
by an off-diagonal δ-potential. The second model treats the atom as a structureless particle, and describes the laser by a time-dependent absorbing barrier. While the
former model can be derived from first principles, the treatment of the absorbing barrier in the latter model lacks a rigorous quantum mechanical justification. The
main outcome of our work is to provide a solid physical ground for the absorber model, by explicitly connecting it to the δ-potential model. We have thus extended
the range of theoretical tools useful for investigating the effects of time-dependent laser radiation on quantum matter.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: nonrelativistic time-dependent quantum mechanics, absorbing barriers in quantum mechanics, atom-laser interaction
Subjects: F300 Physics
G100 Mathematics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 14:25
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 14:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/32543

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