Effects of supervised exercise training on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous ulcers

Tew, Garry, Gumber, Anil, McIntosh, Emma, Kesterton, Sue, King, Brenda, Michaels, Jonathan and Klonizakis, Markos (2018) Effects of supervised exercise training on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous ulcers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 118 (2). pp. 321-329. ISSN 1439-6319

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3772-0

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise programme on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous leg ulceration.

Methods: Thirty-eight adults with unilateral venous ulceration who were being treated with lower-limb compression therapy (58% male; mean age 65 years; median ulcer size 5 cm2) were randomly allocated to exercise or control groups. Exercise participants (n=18) were invited to attend thrice weekly sessions of lower-limb aerobic and resistance exercise for 12 weeks. Cutaneous microvascular reactivity was assessed in the gaiter region of ulcerated and non-ulcerated legs at baseline and 3 months using laser Doppler fluxmetry coupled with iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated as laser Doppler flux (AU)/mean arterial pressure (mmHg).

Results: Thirty-seven participants completed follow-up assessments. Median class attendance was 36 (range 2 to 36). Analyses of covariance revealed greater peak CVC responses to ACh in the exercise group at 3 months in both the ulcerated (adjusted difference = 0.944 AU/mmHg; 95% CI 0.504 to 1.384) and non-ulcerated (adjusted difference = 0.596 AU/mmHg; 95% CI 0.028 to 1.164) legs. Peak CVC responses to SNP were also greater in the exercise group at 3 months in the ulcerated leg (adjusted difference = 0.882 AU/mmHg; 95% CI 0.274 to 1.491), but not the non-ulcerated leg (adjusted difference = 0.392 AU/mmHg; 95% CI -0.377 to 1.161).

Conclusion: Supervised exercise training improves lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous leg ulceration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Randomized controlled trial; Exercise; Ulceration; Vascular function; Laser Doppler fluxmetry; Iontophoresis
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 10:56
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 20:35
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/32670

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