Dyes in Liquid Crystals: Experimental and Computational Studies of a Guest-Host System Based on a Combined DFT and MD Approach

Sims, Mark, Abbott, Laurence, Cowling, Stephen, Goodby, John and Moore, John (2015) Dyes in Liquid Crystals: Experimental and Computational Studies of a Guest-Host System Based on a Combined DFT and MD Approach. Chemistry: A European Journal, 21 (28). pp. 10123-10130. ISSN 0947-6539

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201406372

Abstract

Practical applications of guest–host liquid crystal systems are critically dependent on the alignment of the guest species within the liquid crystal host. UV/Vis absorption spectroscopy shows that the 1,5-dihydroxy-2,6-bis-(4-propylphenyl)-9,10-anthraquinone dye aligns within the E7 nematic host, giving an experimental dichroic ratio of 9.40 and dye order parameter of 0.74. This alignment was modelled by using a combination of density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) computational approaches that do not require the input of experimental data. Time-dependent DFT calculations show that the electronic transition dipole moment is highly aligned with the long molecular axis of the dye. Fully atomistic MD simulations show that the long axis of the dye is less highly aligned within the E7 host, indicating that this contribution limits the overall dye alignment and, thereby, the potential practical applications of this particular system. Importantly, this study demonstrates an experimental and combined DFT and MD computational approach that may be applied generally to guest–host systems, providing a potential route to their rational design.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: density functional calculations; dyes/pigments; liquid crystals; molecular dynamics; UV/Vis spectroscopy
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2017 16:56
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2017 17:52
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/32735

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